Key monsoon-predicting radar set to be unveiled
Kochi: The Minister of Science and Technology of the Union, Harsh Vardhan, will spend Tuesday Advanced Radar Center for Atmospheric Research (ACPM) of the University of Science and Technology of Cochin.
ACPM is the first tropospheric stratospheric wind profile-205 MHz radar in the world. Being a completely indigenous system, it is able to measure wind profiles in the range of altitudes between 315 by 20 km.
This project funded by Rs 25 million rupees for Scientific and Technical Research (SERB) was designed and developed by the team of scientists led by Professor Cusat K Mohanakumar.
Kochi is called the gateway to the monsoon of India and, therefore, this type of facility is very important in controlling the dynamics of the southwest monsoon.
The Arabian Sea to the west, the western Ghats on its eastern side, make this geographical location unique and play an important role in the first summer monsoon breath in the region, according to ACAAR officials.
Mohanakumar said that this radar can be used to accurately predict the occurrence and variability of the summer monsoon through continuous monitoring of its circulation.
In addition, a prediction of heavy rains, the occurrence and evolution of storms, turbulence studies can be accurately performed using this radar.
The radar is designed to run 24 Hours 24 to 20 and 25 years and it is expected that significant contributions can be made to studies on climate change.
He said that one of the biggest advantages of this radar location to Kochi is that it will play a central role in disaster management activities. The state’s disaster management cell activities currently in the state will benefit from the scientific production of radar.
This will help predict severe weather phenomena, timely information in which they can be transferred to the state’s disaster management cell to increase its operation.
ACPM is actively involved in international collaborations with many institutes. This will be on a joint scientific mission with the Swedish Institute of Space Physics running a radar in Antarctica.
ST radar center (stratosphere-troposphere) also provide wind profile data for validation of the European Space Agency’s Aeolus satellite to be launched in two years. A joint proposal with Kyoto University, Japan, which operates radar means profiles of atmospheric winds is also in preparation.